John JUDGE – Ohio Timeline: c. 1812 to c. 1839 – 52 Ancestors (Ancestor 114)

Researched by Myrle Lea “Micki” DeFrance Jacobson (1951–2020), Elizabeth Wilson Ballard, and Christopher A. Mosher

Written by Elizabeth Wilson Ballard

NOTE: Surnames are in ALL CAPS, and introduced names are in boldface type.

The introductory article about John JUDGE, originally Hans REICHTER, is “John JUDGE (d. 1846).” If you haven’t read it, you may wish to go there first, or you may find it easier to read this one first. Your choice.

We have evidence that John was probably born in Pennsylvania1 circa 1781–1790,2 and that he enlisted in the U.S. Army in Ohio for the War of 1812.3 This enlistment is the first we see of him in Ohio. At that time, he would have been age 22–31.

This article is a timeline summation of John JUDGE’s activities in Ohio, with dates and locations. We have more information about his living in this state than anywhere else.

  • 1812 May 1, in Ohio: Date of appointment or enlistment given on the three muster roll cards in his compiled service record, Captain Andrew Dill’s company of Ohio Volunteers, War of 1812. The names on these cards are John RICHTER, John REIGHTER, and John RECHTER.4

  • [1812 May 1]: Date not specified. Pay roll card of 16 dollars for clothing advance, same company, name John REIGTER.5

  • 1812 June 30: Pay roll card of 10 dollars (5 dollars per month) for May and June, same company, name John RITCHER.6

  • 1812 July 1: Pay roll card beginning this date, expiration and amount not specified, same company, name John RECHTER.7

  • 1813 April 18, in Dayton, Montgomery County, Ohio: In the application for a bounty land warrant made in 1855 by John JUDGE of Henry County, Indiana, (this is John, Jr.) on behalf of Henry JUDGE and Mary JUDGE, John JUDGE’s two minor heirs, John, Jr., says John JUDGE enlisted at Dayton, Ohio, on or about 18 April 1813, and “was a private in the company commanded by Captain Dilley in the Regiment of Ohio Militia Commanded by Col. [blank] in the war with Great Britain declared by the United States on the 18th day of June A. D. 1812.”8

John Judge (Pvt., Capt. Dilley Ohio Militia, War of 1812), bounty land warrant application file 210899 (Act of 1855); Pension and Bounty Land Warrant Application Files, 1800–1960; Record Group 15: Records of the Department of Veterans Affairs; National Archives, Washington, D.C. PDF format in possession of Elizabeth Ballard.
Click on image to open in a new window or tab.

The roster for Captain Andrew Dill’s company, in which he served under the name John RICHTER, has “county unknown” for that company and dates 1 May 1812 to 1 May 1813.9

Adjutant General of Ohio, Roster of Ohio soldiers in the War of 1812, (Columbus, Ohio: Press of the Edward T. Miller Co., 1916), 134; digital images, Internet Archive (https://archive.org/details/rosterofohiosold01ohio/page/134/ : accessed 4 March 2021).
Click on image to open in a new window or tab.

  • 1813 October 1, in Detroit, Michigan: The bounty land warrant application also states that John was discharged at Detroit on this date.10

  • 1816 May 10, in Knox County, Ohio: The first child and daughter, Matilda, was born.11,12 John age 26–35.

  • 1818 June 25, in Licking County, Ohio: John appears in Licking County, Ohio, as John REIGHTER in marriage to Mary DRAKE.13 John age 28–37.

  • 1819 January 31, in Licking County: Daughter Caroline was born.14 John age 28–38.

  • 1820 August 7, of Harrison Township, Licking County: John and family were in the 1820 U.S. Federal Census with him as head of household spelled John REASTER15 (not to be confused with Harrison Township, Knox County, Ohio, where he later lived).

  • 1821 January 7, in Ohio: Daughter Sarah was born.16 John age 30–40.

  • 1822, in Lima Township, Licking County: Probably in this year, John began digging the mill race for Richard CONINE in what is now Pataskala, Licking County, just west of the former Lima Township (now Pataskala) and Harrison Township, Licking County, boundary line. This source identifies John JUDGE and Hans REICHTER as the same person.17 John age 31–41.

  • 1822 June 26, of Licking County: This is the date of the first land purchase we find by John, who is said in the deed to be of Licking County. He purchased 100 acres from Richard and Sarah CONINE (spelled CARNINE in the deed) for which he paid $300. This land was described as a part of the 4th quarter of the 1st township of the 15th range in the U.S. Military District Ohio,18 then in Lima Township, now in a rural part of Pataskala.

  • 1822 October 25, in Ohio: Son George W. was born.19,20 John age 32–41.

  • 1823 October 7, of Licking County, Ohio: John purchased 70 acres adjoining the land he had purchased on 26 June 1822 in Lima Township (this was actually 75 acres).21

  • 1823, Licking County, real property tax: This is the first property tax record we’ve found for John. He was charged real property tax for 75 acres in Range 15, Township 1, Section 4, Licking County. He was listed as the “resident proprietor.”22 We haven’t found a tax record for the other 100 acres.

  • 1824 May 14, of Licking County: John JUDGE sold his 175 acres of property in two transactions, a parcel of 150 acres to Samuel D. ALWARD23 and 25 acres to James LOCKARD.24 On the same day of those two sales, John JUDGE of Licking County purchased 100 acres in Harrison Township, Knox County, Ohio, Lot 32 from Ezra H. ALWARD and Rosalinda ALWARD, his wife,25 and another 100 acres from Samuel D. ALWARD and Martha ALWARD (mother), Lot 33.26

  • 1824, Licking County, real property tax: For 75 acres in Range 15, Township 1, Section 4, Licking County, “resident proprietor.”27

  • 1824, Harrison Township, Knox County, real property tax: This is the first tax record we find for John in Knox County. He was taxed for 200 acres, Lots 32 & 33, Harrison Township, Range 11, Township 6, Section 1, “resident proprietor.”28

  • 1825 March 7, of Howard Township, Knox County: John sold his Harrison Township Lot 33 to Auther FAWCETT. In this deed, John is described as being of Howard Township, Knox County. Howard Township is on the north border of Harrison Township.29

  • 1825 September 23, in Knox County: Son John was born.30 John age 35–44.

  • 1825, Licking County, real property tax: For 25 acres in Range 15, Township 1, Section 4, Licking County, “resident proprietor.”31

  • 1825, Harrison Township, Knox County, real property tax: For 200 acres, Lots 32 & 33, Harrison Township, Range 11, Township 6, Section 1, “resident proprietor.”32

  • 1826, Harrison Township, Knox County, real property tax: For 100 acres, Lot 32, Harrison Township, Range 11, Township 6, Section 1, “resident proprietor.”33

  • 1826, Harrison Township, Knox County, personal property tax: This is the first personal property tax record we have found. John was taxed for two horses and two cattle.34

  • 1827 October 22, of Harrison Township, Knox County: John JUDGE made a purchase in Knox County on 22 October 1827 of 48 acres in South Bloomfield Township which is now a part of Morrow County.35 This was a quick buy and resale with a turnaround of exactly one month with no profit.36 In these two deeds, John and Mary are described as being of Harrison Township, Knox County.

  • 1827, Harrison Township, Knox County, real property tax: For 100 acres, Lot 32, Harrison Township, Range 11, Township 6, Section 1, “resident proprietor.”37

  • 1827, Harrison Township, Knox County, personal property tax: For one horse and two cattle.38

  • 1828 September 18, in Ohio: Daughter Phebe was born.39,40 John age 38–47.

  • 1828 October 16, of Knox County: John secured a loan from John MOWRY with 20 acres of his land on the west side of Lot 32 in Harrison Township, Knox County.41

  • 1828, Harrison Township, Knox County, real property tax: For 100 acres, Lot 32, Harrison Township, Range 11, Township 6, Section 1, “resident proprietor.”42

  • 1828, Harrison Township, Knox County, personal property tax: Two cattle and zero horses.43

  • 1829 January 26, of Knox County: There was a chancery suit in Knox County in which John J. BRICE of Licking County was seeking remedy from John JUDGE of Knox County for a purchase of land in Milford Township, Knox County. John JUDGE purchased this on a mortgage from John J. BRICE on 26 January 1829. It appears that the result was that he let the land go back to John J. BRICE.44

  • 1829 March 24, of Harrison Township, Knox County: John sold the south half of Lot 32 to Arther FOSSETT.45

  • 1829 August 10, of Licking County: John JUDGE of Licking County was given 100 acres from Sarah CONINE, widow and administratrix for the estate of her husband Jacob CONINE. Sarah CONINE carried out a contract entered into with John JUDGE by Jacob CONINE on 22 March 1823 to grant John 100 acres in Licking County.46

  • 1829, Harrison Township, Knox County, real property tax: For 100 acres, Lot 32, Harrison Township, Range 11, Township 6, Section 1, “resident proprietor.”47

No real property tax records can be found after 1829 for John JUDGE at the Family Search website, and there is no personal property tax record using the same criteria for him for 1829. We can’t yet find a deed in which John JUDGE disposed of the north 50 acres of Lot 32, but it was likely done 1829–1830 as implied by the lack of real property tax records.

  • 1830 March 23, in Ohio: Daughter Eliza was born.48 John age 40–49.

  • 1830 April, of Licking County: John sold the land conveyed to him on 10 August 1829 in Licking County to John DRAKE.49

  • 1830 June 1, of Milford Township, Knox County: John and family are in the 1830 U.S. Federal Census in Milford Township, Knox County. The census date was 1 June 1830.50

  • 1830, Milford Township, Knox County, personal property tax: One horse and one cattle.51

  • 1831: No 1831 personal property tax records for John JUDGE can be found online at the Family Search website.

  • 1832 September 5, in Ohio: Daughter Margaret was born.52 John age 42–51.

  • 1832, Milford Township, Knox County, personal property tax: Zero horses and one cattle.53

  • 1833, Hilliar Township, Knox County, personal property tax: One horse and two cattle.54

  • 1833, Hilliar Township, Knox County, personal property tax: Zero horses and two cattle.55

  • 1834, Hilliar Township, Knox County, personal property tax: One horse and two cattle.56

No additional personal property tax records can be found online for John JUDGE at the Family Search website.

  • 1835 June 18, in Knox County: Son Henry was born.57,58 John age 45–54.

  • 1837 or 1838 February: Daughter Mary was born in February of the year 1837 or 1838 in probably Ohio, but also reported in Indiana.59 John age 47–57.

  • 23 September 1839 – 22 September 1840, moved to Greensboro Township, Henry County, Indiana: The JUDGE family is said to have moved to Greensboro Township, Henry County, Indiana, when John JUDGE, Jr., was about 14.60 We don’t know if they moved directly from the Knox and Licking County area, or if they had left there sometime after Henry’s birth, which was in Knox County in the summer of 1835, lived elsewhere, and then went to Greensboro Township. John age 49–59.

Chris and I are going on a genealogy adventure to Knox and Licking Counties at the end of May. We will report on what we find in a future article, so stay tuned.


Citations


  1. B.F. Bowen, Biographical Memoirs of Henry County, Indiana : to which is appended a comprehensive compendium of national biography–memoirs of eminent men and women in the United States, whose deeds of valor or works of merit have made their names imperishable (Logansport, Indiana: B. F. Bowen, 1902), 322; digital images, Google Books (https://play.google.com/books/reader?id=0m03AQAAMAAJ&pg=GBS.PA322 : accessed 5 April 2021). The citation refers to a biography of Lewis H. Judge, son of John Judge, Jr., and grandson of John Judge and Mary (Drake) Judge. In the biography is written, “The paternal grandfather of the subject was a native of Pennsylvania and was of German extraction.” 
  2. “United States Census, 1830,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XHGK-ZSG : accessed 2 April 2021), John Judge, Milford, Knox, Ohio, United States; citing p. 246 (penned in top left corner, and stamped on top right corner of second image), line 15 (not labeled), NARA microfilm publication M19, (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 134; FHL microfilm 337945. Age range of the oldest male in the household is 40 to 49. 
  3. Compiled service record, John Richter, Pvt., Capt. Andrew Dill’s Co. of Infantry, 1 Reg’t Ohio Volunteers, War of 1812; Record Group 94: Records of the Adjutant General’s Office, 1762 – 1984; National Archives, Washington, D.C. PDF format in possession of Elizabeth Ballard. 
  4. Compiled service record, John Richter, Pvt., Capt. Andrew Dill’s Co. of Infantry, 1 Reg’t Ohio Volunteers, War of 1812. 
  5. Compiled service record, John Richter, Pvt., Capt. Andrew Dill’s Co. of Infantry, 1 Reg’t Ohio Volunteers, War of 1812. 
  6. Compiled service record, John Richter, Pvt., Capt. Andrew Dill’s Co. of Infantry, 1 Reg’t Ohio Volunteers, War of 1812. 
  7. Compiled service record, John Richter, Pvt., Capt. Andrew Dill’s Co. of Infantry, 1 Reg’t Ohio Volunteers, War of 1812. 
  8. John Judge (Pvt., Capt. Dilley Ohio Militia, War of 1812), bounty land warrant application file 210899 (Act of 1855); Pension and Bounty Land Warrant Application Files, 1800–1960; Record Group 15: Records of the Department of Veterans Affairs; National Archives, Washington, D.C. PDF format in possession of Elizabeth Ballard. 
  9. Adjutant General of Ohio, Roster of Ohio soldiers in the War of 1812 (Columbus, Ohio: Press of the Edward T. Miller Co., 1916), 134; digital images, Internet Archive (https://archive.org/details/rosterofohiosold01ohio/page/134/ : accessed 4 March 2021). 
  10. John Judge War of 1812 bounty land warrant application file 210899 (Act of 1855), RG 15, NA–Washington. 
  11. S.P. Kaler and R.H. Maring, History of Whitley County, Indiana ([Indianapolis, Ind.]: B.F. Bowen, 1907), 785; digital images, Internet Archive (https://archive.org/details/historyofwhitley00kale/page/785/ : accessed 24 March 2021). Birth county of Matilda Judge. 
  12. Weston A. Goodspeed and Charles Blanchard, Counties of Whitley and Noble, Indiana: Historical and Biographical (Chicago: F.A. Battey & Co., 1882), 293; digital images, Internet Archive (https://archive.org/details/countiesofwhitle00good/page/n296/ : accessed 3 March 2021). Birth date, state, death date, and death county of Matilda Judge. 
  13. “Ohio, County Marriages, 1789-2016,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XZH2-5BC : accessed 15 March 2021), John Reighter and Mary Drake, 25 June 1818; citing Licking, Ohio, United States, reference v1, p.73; county courthouses, Ohio; FHL microfilm 384300. 
  14. History of Mills County, Iowa, containing a history of the county, its cities, towns, etc., a biographical directory of many of its leading citizens, war record of its volunteers in the late rebellion, general and local statistics, portraits of early settlers and prominent men, history of Iowa and The Northwest, map of Mills County, Constitution of the State of Iowa, reminiscences, miscellaneous, matters, etc. (Des Moines: State Historical Company, 1881), 651–652; digital images, Internet Archive (https://archive.org/details/historyofmillsco00iowa/page/651/ : accessed 15 March 2021). Short biography of James Hughes which includes his wife’s maiden name, birthdate, birth location: “Was married February 9, 1837, to Miss Carolina Judge, who was born January 31, 1819, in Licking county, Ohio.” Gives her first name as “Carolina.” 
  15. “United States Census, 1820,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33SQ-GYBS-91ZS : accessed 2 April 2021), John Reaster, Harrison, Licking, Ohio, United States; citing p. 36A (penned in top right corner), line 11 (not labeled), NARA microfilm publication M33, (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 94; FHL microfilm 181400, DGS 4185991. 
  16. Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/35817433/ : accessed 15 September 2016), memorial 35817433, Sarah Judge Wink (7 January 1821 – 12 November 1850), created and maintained by contributor 46940011, “susan clemons”; citing Pioneer Baptist Cemetery, Knightstown, Henry County, Indiana, USA. Although there is a photo of the stone, only the following text is readable: “Sarah wife of Lewis C died.” The rest of the stone is buried, and no information is given about the source of the dates on the record. 
  17. N.N. Hill Jr., History of Licking County, O., Its Past and Present, Containing a Condensed, Comprehensive History of Ohio, Including an Outline History of the Northwest; a Complete History of Licking County; Its Townships, Cities, Towns, Villages, Schools, Churches, Societies, Industries, Statistics, etc.; a History of Its Soldiers in the Late War; Portraits of Its Early Settlers and Prominent Men; a Chapter on Noted Pioneers; Views of Its Finest Buildings and Various Historic and Interesting Localities — Such as the “Old Fort,” etc.; Miscellaneous Matter; Map of the County; Biographies and Histories of Pioneer Families, etc. (Newark, Ohio: A.A. Graham & Co., 1881), 499; digital images, Google Books (https://play.google.com/books/reader?id=_Xw8AAAAIAAJ&pg=GBS.PA499 : accessed 1 March 2021). Also at Internet Archive (https://archive.org/details/oh-licking-1881-graham/page/n509/ : accessed 24 March 2021), 499. 
  18. Licking County, Ohio, “Deed Record I Licking County,” 98–100, Richard Carnine and wife to John Judge, recorded 20 November 1822; digital images, Family Search (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSKX-3XBV : accessed 24 April 2021), “Deed records, v. I–J 1822–1826,” FHL microfilm 476820, DGS 8150810, image 82 of 775. 
  19. Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/20894944/ : accessed 15 September 2016), memorial 20894944, George W Judge (25 October 1822 – 20 December 1895), created and maintained by contributor 46531309, “Brenda Shanafelt”; citing Collier Cemetery, Markleville, Madison County, Indiana, USA; accompanying marker photo from contributor 46875999, “Colleen Sanders Broyles”, added 10 January 2013. Photograph, although a little fuzzy with some glare, is mostly clear, clean, and readable, and stone is modern. 
  20. “Indiana Marriages, 1811-2007,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XXNB-TK5 : accessed 1 April 2021), George Judge and Mary Jane Small, 27 June 1885. George Judge’s birth location given as Ohio. 
  21. Licking County, Ohio, “Deed Record I Licking County,” 485–486, Jacob Conine to John Judge, recorded 8 March 1824; digital images, Family Search (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSKX-3XK9 : accessed 24 April 2021), “Deed records, v. I–J 1822–1826,” FHL microfilm 476820, DGS 8150810, image 277 of 775. 
  22. Licking County, Ohio, “Tax Record, Licking Co. 1823 – Auditor of State,” Volume 762, page 35, John Judge; digital images, Family Search (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33SQ-GPPN-SX8L : accessed 6 May 2021), Ohio Tax Records, 1800-1850, “Tax records, 1823-1826,” FHL microfilm 545110, DGS 4849293, image 43 of 577. 
  23. Licking County, Ohio, “Deed Record J Licking County,” 41–42, John Judge and wife to Samuel D. Alward, recorded 3 November 1824; digital images, Family Search (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSKX-3XFX : accessed 24 April 2021), “Deed records, v. I–J 1822–1826,” FHL microfilm 476820, DGS 8150810, image 442 of 775. 
  24. Licking County, Ohio, “Deed Record J Licking County,” 129–130, John Judge to James Lockard, recorded 15 January 1825; digital images, Family Search (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSKX-3XZJ : accessed 24 April 2021), “Deed records, v. I–J 1822–1826,” FHL microfilm 476820, DGS 8150810, image 485 of 775. 
  25. Knox County, Ohio, “Knox County Deed Book E,” 676–677, Ezra H. Alward to John Judge, recorded 21 June 1824; digital images, Family Search (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSR6-TYJ5 : accessed 24 April 2021), “Deeds, v. D–E, 1817–1825,” FHL microfilm 314038, DGS 8302087, image 715 of 827. 
  26. Knox County, Ohio, “Knox County Deed Book E,” 675–676, Samuel D. Alward and Martha Alward to John Judge, recorded 21 June 1824; digital images, Family Search (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSR6-TY23 : accessed 24 April 2021), “Deeds, v. D–E, 1817–1825,” FHL microfilm 314038, DGS 8302087, image 714 of 827. 
  27. Licking County, Ohio, “Tax Record, Licking Co. 1824 – Auditor of State,” Volume 763, page 38, John Judge; digital images, Family Search (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33SQ-GPPN-S652 : accessed 6 May 2021), Ohio Tax Records, 1800-1850, “Tax records, 1823-1826,” FHL microfilm 545110, DGS 4849293, image 139 of 577. 
  28. Knox County, Ohio, “Tax Record, Knox Co. 1824 – Auditor of State,” Volume 719, page 27, John Judge; digital images, Family Search (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33SQ-GPP6-7Y4 : accessed 6 May 2021), Ohio Tax Records, 1800-1850, “Tax records, 1823-1826,” FHL microfilm 517277, DGS 4849179, image 91 of 391. 
  29. Knox County, Ohio, “Knox County Deed Book A–F,” 290–291, John Judge to Auther Fawcett, recorded 1 August 1825; digital images, Family Search (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSTC-GQS8-9 : accessed 24 April 2021), “Deeds, v. A–F, 1808–1827,” FHL microfilm 314036, DGS 8330687, image 176 of 376. This single roll appears to be for two “books,” “A” and “F”, which are nonetheless bound together (and indexed together) as a single volume. 
  30. History of Henry County, Indiana : Together With Sketches of Its Cities, Villages, and Towns, Educational, Religious, Civil, Military, and Political History, Portraits of Prominent Persons, and Biographies of Representative Citizens; Also a Condensed History of Indiana, Embodying Accounts of Pre-historic Races, Aborigines, Winnebago and Black Hawk Wars, and a Brief Review of Its Civil and Political History (Chicago : Inter-State Publishing Co., 1884), 887; Internet Archive (https://archive.org/details/historyofhenryco00unse/page/n962/mode/1up : accessed 9 March 2021). 
  31. Licking County, Ohio, “Tax Record, Licking Co. 1825 – Auditor of State,” Volume 765, page 79, John Judge; digital images, Family Search (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33S7-9PPN-SZTS : accessed 6 May 2021), Ohio Tax Records, 1800-1850, “Tax records, 1823-1826,” FHL microfilm 545110, DGS 4849293, image 309 of 577. 
  32. Knox County, Ohio, “Tax Record, Knox Co. 1825 – Auditor of State,” Volume 720, page 29, John Judge; digital images, Family Search (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33SQ-GPP6-QJ4 : accessed 6 May 2021), Ohio Tax Records, 1800-1850, “Tax records, 1823-1826,” FHL microfilm 517277, DGS 4849179, image 157 of 391. 
  33. Knox County, Ohio, “Tax Record, Knox Co. 1826 Auditor of State,” Volume 721, page 36, John Judge; digital images, Family Search (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33SQ-GPP6-WN3 : accessed 6 May 2021), Ohio Tax Records, 1800-1850, “Tax records, 1823-1826,” FHL microfilm 517277, DGS 4849179, image 230 of 391. 
  34. Knox County, Ohio, “Tax Record, Knox Co. 1826 Auditor of State,” Volume 721, page 39, John Judge; digital images, Family Search (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33SQ-GPP6-WZJ : accessed 6 May 2021), Ohio Tax Records, 1800-1850, “Tax records, 1823-1826,” FHL microfilm 517277, DGS 4849179, image 233 of 391. 
  35. Knox County, Ohio, “Deed Book G,” 374–375, Benjamin Masters to John Judge, recorded 21 June 1828; Family Search (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CS4V-TG3G : accessed 24 April 2021), “Deeds, v. G–H, 1827–1830,” FHL microfilm 314039, DGS 7897716, image 219 of 707. 
  36. Knox County, Ohio, “Deed Book G,” 375–376, John Judge to Nicholas Simons, recorded 21 June 1828; Family Search (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CS4V-TG3G : accessed 24 April 2021), “Deeds, v. G–H, 1827–1830,” FHL microfilm 314039, DGS 7897716, image 219 of 707. 
  37. Knox County, Ohio, “Tax Record, Knox Co. 1827 Auditor of State,” Volume 722, page 46, John Judge; digital images, Family Search (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33SQ-GPGX-9L4 : accessed 6 May 2021), Ohio Tax Records, 1800-1850, “Tax records, 1827-1828,” FHL microfilm 327835, DGS 4848018, image 51 of 500. 
  38. Knox County, Ohio, “Tax Record, Knox Co. 1827 Auditor of State,” Volume 722, page 50, John Judge; digital images, Family Search (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33SQ-GPGX-VH : accessed 6 May 2021), Ohio Tax Records, 1800-1850, “Tax records, 1827-1828,” FHL microfilm 327835, DGS 4848018, image 55 of 500. 
  39. Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/38543289/ : accessed 2 April 2021), memorial 38543289, Phebe Judge Van Duyn (18 September 1828 – 22 March 1922), created by contributor 46792405, “RWicks”, maintained by contributor 46997614, “andiema”; citing Harlan Cemetery, Hancock County, Indiana, USA; accompanying marker photo from contributor 46872277, “Carolyn Craig”, added 9 February 2013. Marker and its photo are very readable. 
  40. “Indiana, Death Certificates, 1899-2011,” database with images, Ancestry.com (https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/60716/images/44494_350187-00993/ : accessed 2 April 2021), certificate image, Phebe Vanduyne, 22 March 1922, no. 8481; imaged from State of Indiana, Death Certificates microfilm, 1922, roll 4. Subscription required; additionally, all U.S. Federal Census records of Phebe give her birth state as Ohio except 1920 where it is listed as North Carolina. 
  41. Knox County, Ohio, “Deed Book G,” 514–515, John Judge to John Mowry, mortgage, recorded 12 November 1828; Family Search (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CS4V-TLVP : accessed 24 April 2021), “Deeds, v. G–H, 1827–1830,” FHL microfilm 314039, DGS 7897716, image 290 of 707. 
  42. Knox County, Ohio, “Tax Record, Knox Co. 1828 Auditor of State,” Volume 723, [n.p.], John Judge; digital images, Family Search (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33S7-9PGX-9L8 : accessed 6 May 2021), Ohio Tax Records, 1800-1850, “Tax records, 1827-1828,” FHL microfilm 327835, DGS 4848018, image 306 of 500. 
  43. Knox County, Ohio, “Tax Record, Knox Co. 1828 Auditor of State,” Volume 723, [n.p.], John Judge; digital images, Family Search (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33S7-9PGX-9HZ : accessed 6 May 2021), Ohio Tax Records, 1800-1850, “Tax records, 1827-1828,” FHL microfilm 327835, DGS 4848018, image 311 of 500. 
  44. Knox County, Ohio, “Chancery Record 1828–34 B Knox County,” 591–592, John J. Brice vs. John Judge, recorded [n.d.]; digital images, Family Search (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CS42-6SFS-D : accessed 24 April 2021), “Chancery records v. A–B 1810–1834,” FHL microfilm 1294292, DGS 7899374, image 612 of 621. 
  45. Knox County, Ohio, “Deed Book H,” 152–153, John Judge to Arther Fossett, recorded 16 September 1829; Family Search (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CS4V-TP5H : accessed 24 April 2021), “Deeds, v. G–H, 1827–1830,” FHL microfilm 314039, DGS 7897716, image 466 of 707. 
  46. Licking County, Ohio, “Deed Record N Licking County,” 421–422, John Judge from Sarah Conine, recorded 14 October 1829; digital images, Family Search (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSKX-XSKV-7 : accessed 24 April 2021), “Deed records, v. N–O 1820–1831,” FHL microfilm 476823, DGS 8150813, image 227 of 612. 
  47. Knox County, Ohio, “Tax Record, Knox Co. 1829 Auditor of State,” Volume 724, [n.p.], John Judge; digital images, Family Search (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33SQ-GPGX-9HH9 : accessed 6 May 2021), Ohio Tax Records, 1800-1850, “Tax records, 1829-1830,” FHL microfilm 327836, DGS 4848019, image 59 of 520. 
  48. “Iowa, Death Records, 1904-1951,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QPFM-FZLY : accessed 2 April 2021), Eliza Gray, 16 December 1912, Farmington, Van Buren, Iowa, United States. 
  49. Licking County, Ohio, “Deed Record N Licking County,” 422–423, John Judge to John Drake, recorded [n.d.]; digital images, Family Search (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSKX-XSKV-7 : accessed 24 April 2021), “Deed records, v. N–O 1820–1831,” FHL microfilm 476823, DGS 8150813, image 228 of 612. 
  50. “United States Census, 1830,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XHGK-ZSG : accessed 2 April 2021), John Judge, Milford, Knox, Ohio, United States; citing p. 246 (penned in top left corner, and stamped on top right corner of second image), line 15 (not labeled), NARA microfilm publication M19, (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 134; FHL microfilm 337945. 
  51. Knox County, Ohio, “Tax Record, Knox Co. 1830 Auditor of State,” Volume 725, [n.p.], John Judge; digital images, Family Search (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33SQ-GPGX-9HQH : accessed 6 May 2021), Ohio Tax Records, 1800-1850, “Tax records, 1829-1830,” FHL microfilm 327836, DGS 4848019, image 430 of 520. 
  52. “Indiana, Death Certificates, 1899-2011,” database with images, Ancestry.com (https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/60716/images/44494_350110-00166/ : accessed 15 March 2021), certificate image, Marguret Collier, 4 November 1928, no. 34164. Subscription required; birthdate given as 5 September 1832 and location Ohio. 
  53. Knox County, Ohio, “Tax Record, Knox Co. 1832 Auditor of State,” Volume 728, page 145, John Judge; digital images, Family Search (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33SQ-GPGX-7C7 : accessed 6 May 2021), Ohio Tax Records, 1800-1850, “Tax records, 1831-1832,” FHL microfilm 327837, DGS 4848020, image 463 of 476. 
  54. Knox County, Ohio, “Tax Record, Knox Co. 1833 Auditor of State,” Volume 729, [n.p.], John Judge [first record]; digital images, Family Search (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33SQ-GPPN-D1T : accessed 6 May 2021), Ohio Tax Records, 1800-1850, “Tax records, 1833-1834,” FHL microfilm 545108, DGS 4849291, image 250 of 594. 
  55. Knox County, Ohio, “Tax Record, Knox Co. 1833 Auditor of State,” Volume 729, [n.p.], John Judge [second record]; digital images, Family Search (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33SQ-GPPN-D1T : accessed 6 May 2021), Ohio Tax Records, 1800-1850, “Tax records, 1833-1834,” FHL microfilm 545108, DGS 4849291, image 250 of 594. 
  56. Knox County, Ohio, “Tax Record, Knox Co. 1834 Auditor of State,” Volume 730, page 325, John Judge; digital images, Family Search (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33S7-9PPN-Z4Z : accessed 6 May 2021), Ohio Tax Records, 1800-1850, “Tax records, 1833-1834,” FHL microfilm 545108, DGS 4849291, image 590 of 594. 
  57. “Iowa, Death Records, 1904-1951,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:Q248-WFZX : accessed 2 April 2021), Henry Judge, 24 March 1925, Marshall, Iowa, United States. Died at age 89 years, 9 months, 6 days, which calculates to a birthdate of 18 June 1935; birth location given as Ohio. 
  58. William Wade Hinshaw, William Wade Hinshaw’s Index to Unpublished Quaker Records (Swarthmore, Pennsylvania: Friends Historical Library, Swarthmore College), Le Grande Monthly Meeting, Iowa; Ancestry.com, U.S., Hinshaw Index to Selected Quaker Records, 1680-1940 (https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/2705/images/40586_300749-00584 : accessed 5 May 2021), JUDGE, Henry: b 1835 Knox Co., Ohio, image 580 of 1632. 
  59. a. “United States Census, 1850,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MZ4F-48B : accessed 14 March 2021), Mary Judge in household of Mary Judge, Lee, Iowa, United States; citing household 832, family 838, line 28, NARA microfilm publication M432, roll 186 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.). Age 12, born Ohio.
    b. “Iowa State Census, 1905,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:2S8V-HLV : accessed 14 March 2021), Mary Dobson; State Historical Department, Des Moines. Age 67, born Ohio.
    c. Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/192741457/ : accessed 14 March 2021), memorial 192741457, Mary Judge Dobson (1838 – 19 December 1921), created and maintained by contributor 47892738, Elizabeth Wilson Ballard; citing Garwin Union Cemetery, Garwin, Tama County, Iowa, USA; two accompanying marker photos from contributor 46497261, “Roberta Kerr”, added 7 July 2020. Dobson stone reads “Mary 1838–1921”.
    d. “Montana, Teton County Records, 1881-2012,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QK62-P73Q : accessed 2 March 2021), Mary Dobson, 19 December 1921. Birth year 1837 and location Indiana.
    e. “United States Census, 1900,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M9L2-HZT : accessed 14 March 2021), Mary Dobson in household of Lorenzo R Dobson, Carlton Township Garwin town, Tama, Iowa, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 130, sheet 4A, family 89, NARA microfilm publication T623 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1972.); FHL microfilm 1240460. Age 63, born February 1837 in Ohio.
    f. “Iowa State Census, 1915,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QK4Y-3KYW : accessed 14 March 2021), Mary Dobson, 1915; citing Tama, Iowa, United States, card no. 18, Iowa State Historical Department, Des Moines; FHL microfilm 1462833. Age 75, born Indiana. 
  60. History of Henry County, Indiana : Together With Sketches of Its Cities, Villages, and Towns, 887
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